The Nevada Society of CPAs (NVCPA) administers the AICPA Peer Review Program for Nevada, Nebraska, Utah, and Wyoming. In addition, the NVCPA administers the State Peer Review program for Nevada, Nebraska, Utah, and Wyoming.
Enrollment in the peer review program is not required as a condition of membership in the NVCPA.
For all other states, please refer to the specific membership conditions of that State.
AICPA PEER REVIEW PROGRAM vs STATE PROGRAM
AICPA Peer Review Program (AICPA PRP) participants are those firms who have AICPA members as partners, shareholders, etc. Firm enrolled in this program are subject to enhanced oversight from the AICPA.
State Program participants are those firms who do not have AICPA members as partners, shareholders, etc. The NVCPA utilizes the AICPA PRP guidelines and will perform oversights with members of the Peer Review Committee.
For FAQ’s on the AICPA Peer Review Program, click here.
PEER REVIEW REQUIREMENTS
The Peer Review Program is an educational and remedial program designed to help improve the quality of your practice. To see the specific reporting requirements for your state, click on the below appropriate link:
Nebraska Board of Public Accountancy (www.nbpa.ne.gov)
Nevada State Board of Accountancy (www.nvaccountancy.com/peerreview.fx)
Utah State Board of Accountancy (www.dopl.utah.gov/licensing/accountancy.html)
Wyoming Board of Certified Public Accountants (http://cpaboard.state.wy.us)
PRIMA (Peer Review Integrated Management Application)
On May 1, 2017, the AICPA launched PRIMA – a new application for all firms (AICPA & State Program) to be able to enter information electronically. This web based system will be used for the administration and tracking of all peer reviews. You will notice a number of improvements that will allow for efficient and effective peer review administration, however you will still receive the same high quality service from the NVCPA.
Significant changes within PRIMA include:
- Firm self-service: firm name, address & email updates, program enrollment, resignation, and much more.
- Peer Review Information: initial review information and scheduling forms done electronically. (This process replaces the original Information Required for Scheduling Reviews.)
- Letters: electronic notifications will be sent when a letter is generated. Please ensure you have added firstname.lastname@example.org to your safe e-mail sender list to ensure you receive all notifications.
Please read Getting Started in PRIMA here.
If you are a brand-new firm, please complete the Public Accounting Firm Creation Form. This form can then be returned to email@example.com for processing.
For all firms that have their firm registered with the AICPA, please log into PRIMA and enroll by clicking on Manage My Firm.
TYPE OF REVIEW – SYSTEM vs ENGAGEMENTTo see what type of review your firm is required to have, please begin reading on page 17 in the document you can find here.
A System Review includes determining whether the firm’s system of quality control for its accounting and auditing practice is designed and complied with the provide the firm with reasonable assurance of performing and reporting in conformity with applicable professional standards, including SQCS No. 8, in all material respects. This type of review is for firms that perform engagements that are not subject to PCAOB permanent inspection under the Statement on Auditing Standards (SASs), the Government Auditing Standards (Yellow Book), examinations under the Statement on Standards for Attestation Engagements (SSAEs), or engagements under the PCAOB standards as their highest level of service.
In a System Review, the reviewer will study and evaluate a CPA firm’s quality control policies and procedures that were in effect during the peer review year. This includes interviewing firm personnel and examining other relevant supporting documentation such as CPE records, outside consultations regarding A&A matters and independence representations. To evaluate the effectiveness of the system and the degree of compliance with the system, the reviewer will test a reasonable cross-section of the firm’s engagements with a focus on high-risk engagements in addition to significant risk areas where the possibility exists of engagements being performed and/or reported on that are not in accordance with professional standards in all material respects. The majority of the procedures in a System Review should be performed at the reviewed firm’s office, unless the reviewer has requested and received prior approval from the administering entity. (To request an offsite system review, the reviewer can fill out the form here and submit to firstname.lastname@example.org)
An engagement review is for enrolled firms that are not required to have a System Review and only perform services under SSARS or services under the SSAEs that do not require a System Review as their highest level of service. The objective of an Engagement Review is to evaluate whether engagements submitted for review are performed and reported on in conformity with applicable professional standards in all material aspects. An Engagement Review consists of reading the financial statements or information submitted by the reviewed firm and the accountant’s report thereon, together with certain background information and representations and the applicable documentation required by professional standards.
This type of review does not cover the firm’s system of quality control, so the reviewer cannot express an opinion on the firm’s compliance with its own quality control policies and procedures or compliance with AICPA quality control standards. However, firms eligible to have an Engagement Review may elect to have a System Review.
THE PEER REVIEW PROCESS
Peer Review Information & Scheduling
Approximately 6 months prior to a firm’s review due date, PRIMA will generate a notification for the managing partner and/or peer review contact to update their PRI (Peer Review Information). Once completed, the PRI will be submitted to the NVCPA for approval. The next step, SCH (Scheduling) will generate and the firm will enter in their commencement date, exit conference date and reviewer information. It is the firm’s responsibility to select a reviewer. To find a reviewer, please click here. The SCH will be submitted to the NVCPA for approval. If education & industry matches, the NVCPA will approve the SCH and the review may commence. The review cannot commence until approval from the NVCPA has been received.
The firm will work with their approved reviewer and work towards completion by the stated due date. It is recommended that the firm have their exit conference at least 3 weeks prior to the due date to account for any unseen complications.
A firm may request a due date extension prior to the original due date. Extension requests are performed within PRIMA.
After the Review
Once the review has been completed, the reviewer will upload all necessary documents through PRIMA and submit to the NVCPA. The NVCPA will perform an administrative review and forward to technical review.
Administrative & Technical Review
Administrative review of the completed peer review documents allows for an initial review to ensure all proper procedures were followed. The NVCPA will contact the reviewer for any initial changes that need to be made. The technical review is done by an experienced reviewer contracted with the NVCPA.
The review can take anywhere from 2 – 3 weeks depending on necessary communication with the reviewer.
Peer Review Committee (RAB – Review Acceptance Body)
Once the review has gone through the administrative and technical review process, all documents are submitted back to the NVCPA for inclusion on the next available RAB agenda. The RAB meets approximately 6 times per year. The meeting dates for 2017-18 are as follows and are subject to change:
- July 14, 2017
- September 6, 2017
- October 17, 2017
- December 19, 2017
- January 30, 2018
- March 31, 2018
- May 3, 2018
- June 28, 2018
The RAB will perform an additional review of the reviews and will consider them for acceptance. Firms can expect to receive their acceptance letter within 14 days of each RAB. In some cases, firms will be required to perform follow-up actions before the review can be closed. Those letters will also be issued within 14 days of the RAB.